Monday, August 24, 2020
Music Is a piece of people groups lives from all around the globe. It has been around for at any rate 50,000 years and in all probability started In Africa (Walling. Et al. 1). There are a few particular classes of music. The most perceived structures in the western half of the globe are: traditional, Jazz, rock and society, just as others which are basically branches from the four recently referenced. Many profession choices exist for those wishing to seek after music, a significant number of which require at least one academic degrees.In music, there are a plenty of different auxiliary structures wherein music is formed. An auxiliary structure for the most part portrays the request the segments in a bit of music are composed. Without authors, there would be little music today. Most arrangers have a one of a kind style that they write In that can be Identified by anybody with a prepared ear. Music Is continually In a developmental state, and the music Industry changes to mirror that. We will compose a custom paper test on Music: the International Language or on the other hand any comparable point explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page The future holds unlimited opportunities for the social and practical impacts of new music.Musical documentation was not generally decent printed images orchestrated in a simple to understand group. The Greeks were the first to execute a framework for interpreting composed work onto sound. Anyway this framework made it hard for somebody to envision the tune, and was incredibly hard to recreate, and there were generally numerous mistakes on duplicates. The Romans utilized the initial 15 letters of the Roman letter set over the relevant words to decide pitch with the main letter as the low pitch and the fifteenth letter as the high pitch.Neumann, or Ensues, is an extremely unconventional documentation utilized for the most part by sixth to twelfth century ministerial scholars. Decoding this documentation is basically mystery because of the quantity of factors influencing the sounds. (Changes in Musical Notation). F all the class of music, old style Is the most unmistakable. It generally Includes string instruments, French horns, and trumpets, just as others. Awesome music or villain music as certain individuals allude to it, has gotten progressively well known the world over since its initiation In the mid sasss. This sort of music is known to utilize electric guitars, drum unit, and vocals.Jazz likewise utilizes those Instruments, yet In an alternate way. In a normal huge band jazz ensemble, there will be five saxophones, four trombones, four trumpets, a musician, a drummer and a guitarist. The Jazz style is very unique room that of different sorts of music. Regularly, the first and third beat of a four beat measure are underscored. In Jazz the second and fourth beats are underscored. In music, there are numerous conventional structures (the route areas off piece rehash) in which melodies are composed. Sectional structure is a blend of short lumps of a piece (Delano. Et al. 87).Vocal music frequently utilizes the utilization of the strophic structure, which rehashes a similar area over Binary structure, as the name may recommend, has two distinct segments played in progression (ABA) or one rehashed and afterward the other rehashed (BABY). Also to parallel structure, chain structure has at least three areas played in progression (BBC) or (BACK). Ternary, or tertiary structure, correspondingly to double frame has two unique areas, the distinction being there Is a B segment sandwiched in the middle of two A segments (ABA). Curve structure has three distinct segments, 1 OFF (ABACA).Finally, rondo structure, which comes in two assortments: even and hilter kilter. Balanced structure is (ABACA) as awry structure may be (BACKDATE) (Musical Form). There are numerous fun and compensating vocations in music huge numbers of which include working with a grouping of inventive people. Creation, the specialty of composing music, is one of the more troublesome, yet likewise all the more compensating decisions, despite the fact that it is difficult to get by as a writer except if the most extreme commitment is shown. Showing others music, either by instruments, hypothesis, or something else, is an occupation popular around the United States (Bachelor of Music).Musicians are the key component of music, without them there would be no unrecorded music. Music treatment is one of the less known melodic occupations. Music specialists help individuals with dysfunctional behavior or inability by utilizing music (Careers in Music Therapy). There have been numerous incredible traditional arrangers, each with their own distinguishing qualities in their composition. Johann Sebastian Bach is known for never leaving stops in his music. In any case, George Frederic Handel composes so that there are minutes where no notes are played (excellent interruption. ) Mozart has composed more than 600 bits of music, which were all written in one draft.Music is about sound, and for a for the most part hard of hearing man, Ludwig Van Beethoven is a serious achieved author. The music business is commonly characterized as the organizations and associations that line, produce, distribute, convey, and advertise recorded (Music Industry). There are four significant record organizations or marks, Sony BMW, MI, Universal and Warner. In 2005, Universal ruled the United States showcase with a 31 . 71% piece of the overall industry. In a nearby second came Sony BMW with 31 . 71%. Warner immovably holds third with a strong 15% piece of the overall industry, leaving MI to tidy up with the staying 9. 55%. Autonomous marks covers 8. 3% of the US showcase, yet there are numerous free organizations and none of which measure up to he huge four (Cashmere). Music craftsmen and record organizations the same make the greater part of their cash from music deals, yet with the ascent of distributed document sharing systems, it has been progressively famous to wrongfully download or, privateer, taken music. As per the American Federation of Musicians, net income for music drops about 20% every year because of theft. In response to the shocking insights the Recording Industry Association of America or, ARIA, has found a way to battle web piracy.One of their objectives is to illuminate general society regarding the repercussions music theft has on the people ho acquire a living from real music trade (Online Music Piracy). Jazz is the main style of music local to the United States of America. Unmistakably numerous different classifications thought to be genuinely American are in reality Just odds and ends from the melodic characteristics of different societies. Jazz music is overflowing with extemporization performances, where a performer is gen erally given a harmony movement otherwise called time. In spite of the fact that the ink on the page may state to play in CO one could Just too play in Cm in stead.Jazz is likewise not bound to the confinements of different types of music and sick not generally be sliced up into simple to-recognize areas. One thing practically a wide range of music share for all intents and purpose is adaptability, for instance, there could be a solitary saxophonist playing Harlem Nocturne on a traffic intersection, or there could be a 18 piece large band ensemble playing a similar melody in a show lobby. The equivalent applies to old style music, however it is progressively normal to see a road performer playing Jazz than old style music. The innovation of strong state hardware welcomed on numerous changes.The music world was influenced when somebody figured that in the event that you make a console and set it so each eye you press creates an alternate recurrence at a line level current and run it through an intensifier, there will be an electronic pian o-style console! This gadget later got known as the simple synthesizer and was utilized in many performing groups. Quite a long while later, computerized sound combination innovation made it conceivable to have many various fixes on a console, disposing of the requirement for costly stable modules for simple synthesizers. Today, the two advancements are utilized, however simple is for the most part Just utilized and worked for recorded and trial purposes. Each sort of music requires an instrument, be it human vocal lines, a bassoon, or a microchip, at any rate one instrument is required. There are three kinds of customary instruments. Metal instruments are gadgets in which sound is made by squeezing the lips to the huge finish of a practically conelike mouthpiece and humming the lips while blowing. Instruments requiring no humming are alluded to as woodwinds.The sound can be made either by a solitary reed, where the player puts the top front two teeth on a tightened mouthpiece and presses the OTTOMH lip over the base teeth reaching the reed and blowing so the reed vibrates in the middle of the mouthpiece and the base lip. A twofold reed instrument has no mouthpiece, just two reeds that are pointed together toward the end. The third type of woodwind sound creation involves setting the lips one the close to side of a gap in the mouthpiece and blowing air over the hole, Just like creation a glass bottle whistle. In music, there are two classifications, one for the high society, and one for the low society.The high society music is that of the old style, florid sentimental and other such times, are normally preformed in formal scenes. Conversely, the low society music, for example, Jazz, rap and hip bounce could be preformed in places where formal decorum is absent, for example, a gambling club, night club or parking area. It is evident that the normal crowd individual from an old style execution will have a salary higher than that of a group of people part from a hip bounce show. By breaking down this information, musicologists have reasoned that the class qualification isn't identified with the music itself, rather, the group related with that kind of music.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Examining Religions - Essay Example He enlisted individuals universally, and kicked the bucket in 1955. His significant other, Florence, dominated and forecasted the end time would happen April 23, 1959, however it didnÃ¢â¬â¢t, and she left under coercion, after three years (Rifkind and Harper, December, 1994). Benjamin Roden dominated, guaranteeing he was King DavidÃ¢â¬â¢s replacement. At the point when he lost control, because of a meth lab, erotic entertainment, endeavored hatchet murder, detainment, a despoiled cadaver, jail departure, and demise, his significant other, Lois, dominated, and forecasted that God is likewise female (Rifkind and Harper, December, 1994). Jack of all trades Vernon Howell held onto control and changed his name to David Koresh, pronounced himself the Messiah, and started getting ready for the Apocalypse and Armageddon, which he instructed would occur at the Waco compound, very soon. Their essential scriptural content was the Bible, particularly the book of Revelations. Despite the fact that they followed fundamental Seventh Day Adventist rehearses, he requested his supporters live commonly, obey him absolutely, manage serious physical discipline to kids (even newborn children), and he took kid spouses and arranged his adherents to decipher the attack on the compound as the Battle of Armageddon and the Apocalypse (Rifkind and Harper, December, 1994). The 1993 government attack left 84 Branch Davidians dead, including Koresh (Sullivan, May, 1996). Koresh drank brew here and there, however they didn't bolster substance use, following sound SDA dietary rules. Polygamy was accessible to Koresh, while chastity was implemented for every single other man (Rifkind and Harper, December, 1994). The relationship toward society was one of relative disconnection. Despite the fact that data was permitted in, very little was permitted out, with an exacting Ã¢â¬Å"usÃ¢â¬ versus Ã¢â¬Å"themÃ¢â¬ attitude (Sullivan, May, 1996). In examination, the Native American Church Peyote Way is the most broad indigenous religion in America, rehearsed by in excess of 250,000 individuals among in excess of 50 clans. It draws on profound practices in Northern Mexico, Plains Indian practices,
Thursday, July 23, 2020
Making Minimalism (Episode 5) This is the fifth episode from our new web series Making Minimalism, created by Matt DAvella. Watch the entire series for free on YouTube. About Making Minimalism Creating our documentary, Minimalism, was simple, but not easy. A few years back we jumped in our tour bus (an old Toyota Corolla) and spoke with people around the country about how simple living had changed their lives. Now, with Making Minimalism, were deconstructing how we made the film from the very beginning. Youâll get a look at never-before-seen footage as we detail all of our big wins, failures, breakthroughs, and discoveries. See The Minimalists live on tour.
Friday, May 22, 2020
Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 931 Downloads: 1 Date added: 2019/05/16 Category Society Essay Level High school Tags: Cruelty To Animals Essay Did you like this example? According to the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA), there were over 150,000 cases of animal cruelty in 2016. Organizations such as PETA, Animal Justice Project and the Humane Society of the United States have fought hard to protect animals from abuse every day. When we imagine an animal abuser, we probably picture a person who is very angry and violent. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Inside Animal Cruelty" essay for you Create order When thinking about animal cruelty, we probably imagine an animal being beat to death, neglected, or starved. There are laws to protect animals from these kinds of people because animals deserve respect. No one would be able to witness a local civilian purposely causing harm to his or her pet without alarming authorities, so why dont we hold our government officials to the same expectations? For years, we have been ignoring ongoing issues with animal cruelty within our country. Every day billions of animals are used as trial and errors for scientists, and props for soldiers to build kill confidence. There are more alternatives for these kinds of researches and military training, we should not give people the power to determine life or death, no matter the animal. The U.S. Government is involved in the deaths of more than 100 million animals per year. Organizations like PETA are currently fighting the government and military to prohibit the use of animals in anything that can potentially cause harm to them, including live tissue trauma training, the injection of deadly viruses into our non-human primates, or the horrifying sex experiments on mice and hamsters. These kinds of researches and training have no actual impact on bettering human life. We are simply harming animals for no reason because they are not humans and using them to prevent certain things from causing harm to humans is unreliable due to major biological differences. According to PETA, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency legally requires that pesticides are tested on dogs that are locked in inhalation chambers. They are locked up in small metal cages and left to try and escape the poisonous fumes. Their purpose is to ensure that the pesticide will be safe for exposure to h umans, however, according to animal researcher and journalist Dr. Jarrod Bailey, dogs have a major difference from humans being that they obtain cytochrome P450 ?CYP enzymes, which cause the dog to metabolize drugs and intake chemicals differently from any other species. This is not the only pro-animal testing government program, others include the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Department of Transportation and the National Toxicology Program. The biology of every species will be different and using non-human animals to conduct this kind of research will always give unreliable results. According to PETA, almost 4,451 experimental cancer drugs were founded and tested on animals between the year 2003 and 2011. The results of the tests on animals came out successful, however, 93 percent of the drugs failed after the first phase of human clinical trials, proving that we are harming animals for no reason. The U.S. Government is responsible for the deaths of animals in laboratories all over America. Unfortunately, animals are not only abused in labs but also in our military training courses. Live tissue trauma training is a course for soldiers to take in order to build their confidence in killing and torturing and for preparing medics in the Special Ops to react quickly in emergency situations. Billions of goats, pigs, and sometimes non-human primates get their limbs torn off, put on fire, or stabbed and killed by soldiers and this is all happening right now. If you visit tacmedics.com, you will find that they offer military training courses which have packages that are complemented with the inclusion of live tissue training. Our government officials keep forgetting that human beings and non-human beings will always be extremely biologically different. Not to mention, according to PETA, the military has developed high-tech human-like props that accurately represent human anatomy Ã¢â¬ unlike the animals. Opposers will argue that science has a responsibility to find cures and vaccinations that will better the quality of human life, even if that means sacrificing animals. Somewhere in the past, humans lost all value for animals and nature, so mankind has decided to spend lots of the taxpayers money on research that will never really benefit human life. At Yale University, experimenter Marina Picciotto gathered $10 million in taxpayer money for drugs such as nicotine, cocaine, methamphetamine, etc. She fed this to her animals and studied the changes in their brain and addiction patterns. Forcing an innocent animal into a life of addiction has no purpose and in no way mimics the suffering of a human addict. We are unwillingly funding these unreliable and pointless studies with money that could be used for drug treatments centers, where we can study addiction in humans and develop strategies for those who desire a drug-free life. There is no doubt that humans have evolved and have taken over. It is now our responsibility to preserve our wildlife and take care of our planet. There are endless alternatives to researching medicine and training military personnel. Technology is progressing, and it is time to put an end to spending government and public funds on causing harm to animals and start utilizing our resources and investing in new and improved technology. For example, a test on rats was performed to see if drugs or chemicals would harm a developing baby and it was only able to detect 60 percent of dangerous substances where a cell-based alternative was found to detect 100 percent of toxic chemicals. Animal testing is animal abuse, lets end it today.
Thursday, May 7, 2020
The Themes of The Crucible and Parallels to McCarthyism Set in Salem, Massachusetts in 1692, Arthur Millers The Crucible describes the witch hunt that saw harmless people hanged for crimes they did not commit. The Crucible provides an accurate historical account of the witch hunt, but its real achievement lies in the many important issues it deals with. Millers concerns with conscience, guilt and justice develop into significant and thought-provoking themes throughout the play. These themes are developed through the characters of Abigail Williams, John Proctor and Deputy Governor Danforth. The Crucible is even more successful when the wider relevance of these issues is considered. This occurs particularly whenÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The court of Salem accepts Abigails false claims and, in doing so, divests her of her conscience and she is left with no sense of guilt for what she has done. This handing over of conscience eventually spreads throughout the wider Salem community where people willingly shed their conscience in the developing state of hysteria. In The Crucible, people feel guilty for not being as pure as they are supposed to be. The trial is an opportunity for these people to shed their guilt and prove publicly and to themselves the extent to which their behaviour accords with the dominant beliefs. John Proctors struggle is in understanding the fundamental significance of his conscience. What separates him from the other characters is that he will not hand over his conscience, even for the sake of saving his life. Proctor is aware that he is a sinner. He feels that his affair with Abigail was wrong, not because this is what contemporary moral fashions denote, but because he himself feels it is wrong. In the final Act, Proctor decides to confess because he knows he is not a good man and feels that dying for the cause of being good is therefore a pretence. He says of his confession: I think it is honest, I think so; I am no saint. However, it is when Proctor is pressed to disclose otherShow MoreRelatedThe Witch Hunt in The Crucible and During the Time of McCarthyism1356 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagescontext of The Crucible and its relevance in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. I believe that Arthur MillerÃ¢â¬â¢s life and his experience of McCarthyism strongly influenced the writing of The Crucib le. McCarthyism, named after Joseph McCarthy was a period of intense anti-communism, which occurred in the United States from 1948 to about 1956. During this time the government of the United States persecuted the Communist party USA, its leadership, and many others suspected of being communists. The word McCarthyism now carriesRead MoreSimilarities Between Mccarthyism And The Crucible997 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWitch hunts have been mentioned in the times of McCarthyism and in The Crucible by Arthur Miller. Being put on the list for being a witch like in The Crucible, or being blacklisted in McCarthyism times was not a good thing. McCarthyism and The Crucible are similar in the concept of witch hunts, but the consequences are rather different. During the times of witch hunts in McCarthyism and in The Crucible, people would just assume someone is a witch or communist. The person being accused would be putRead MoreThe Crucible By Arthur Miller Essay1646 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMillerÃ¢â¬â¢s The Crucible. During a time when the U.S. was worried of communism taking over, Miller released The Crucible, which helped to capture the hysteria that was occurring. The play presents itself as a metaphor for the House of Un-American Activities Committee that was created during the Cold War when communism was spreading, but Miller never actually referenced it in the play. Although Arthur MillerÃ¢â¬â¢s The Crucible is set in the late 1600s, it offers a fine example of allegory of McCarthyism in theRead MoreSimilarities Between The Crucible And Salem Witch Trials725 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesloves a witch hunt as long as its someone elses witch being hunted.Ã¢â¬ this is a quote by Walter Kirn. The Crucible and the Salem Witch Trials are very similar to the time of McCarthyism and it the most likely reason the why the book was written. Ã¢â¬Å"It was not only the rise of McCarthyism that moved me, but something which seemed much more weird and mysterious.Ã¢â¬ (Budick 1985) a quote by the author himself proving it was a factor that made him write the book. They were both witch hunts one literallyRead MoreSimilarities Between The Crucible And Salem Witch Trials1079 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages The Crucible is a play that explains the story the Salem Witch trials. Arthur Miller, is the author of this play. McCarthyism played a big role in the creation of The Crucible. Many differences and similarities were drawn between the play and the Red Scare. The horrors of history are passed on from generation to generation in hopes that they will never happen again. People look back on these times and are surprised at how terrible the times were. Yet, in the 1950s, history repeated itself. DuringRead More McCarthyism and The Crucible contain many similarities and differences772 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMcCarthyism and The Crucible contain many similarities and differences in their persecution and accusation of people who are identified as criminals of their societies. McCarthyism and The Crucible contain many similarities and differences in their persecution and accusation of people who are identified as criminals of their societies. Both events in history contain extremely similar circumstances, including the accusation of one person leading to a mass hysteria enveloping a society toRead MoreThe Salem Witch Trials And Mccarthyism1275 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthat doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t keep us from moving forward, but when negative actions are repeated it actually set us back from moving onward with our future. Although, many teenagers feel that history no longer matters because it is in the past, the Salem Witch Trials and McCarthyism are prime examples of how history constantly repeats itself and influence how we live today for the reason that both historic eras consist of the following: they have similar histories, connect in significant ways, and include comparableRead MoreThe Salem Witch Trials And Mccarthyism1327 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSalem Witch Trials and McCarthyism are prime examples of how history constantly repeats itself and influence how we live today for the reason that both historic eras consist of the following: they have similar history, connect in significant ways, and include comparable situations and themes tha t are evident today effecting us on a daily bases whether or not we realize. Salem, Massachusetts was the home of a theocracy government system meaning God was the leader of their society (Ã¢â¬Å"The CrucibleÃ¢â¬ 19)Read MoreCommunism And Communism In Arthur Millers The Crucible711 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagestitled Ã¢â¬Å"The CrucibleÃ¢â¬ . The McCarthy hearings of the 1950s inspired the notable play. Consequently, after the hearing, McCarthyism became a vociferous campaign carried out by Senator Joseph McCarthy, which accused people of communism. To declare, Miller uses an analogy using the events of the Salem Witch Trials of 1693 to expose the ugly truth behind communism and McCarthyism. To begin, the word crucible derived from the Latin root word Ã¢â¬Å"cruxÃ¢â¬ means cross. In explanation, a crucible is a severeRead MoreEssay about McCarthyism as Modern Witch Hunts1614 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMcCarthyism as Modern Witch Hunts McCarthyism: The Real Witch Hunts Some people nowadays may consider the government, or some of its agencies, corrupt. Todays scenario is nothing compared to that of McCarthyism in the 1950s. During McCarthyism, the nation was being torn apart. Their loyalty to one another was crushed and common human decency went down the drain (Miller, Crucible xiv). These Communist hunts were eerily similar to the witch hunts and trials of Salem Massachusetts in
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The end of the Reagan Administration is not generally known for political activism and yet during the highly conservative Reagan years, some of the biggest efforts of music to combat the problems of the world began. John Cougar Mellankamp wrote the album, Ã¢â¬Å"Rain on the ScarecrowÃ¢â¬ and began the Farm Aid concerts to draw attention to the disappearing American family far. Michael Jackson and the musical elite of the day wrote and performed, Ã¢â¬Å"We Are the WorldÃ¢â¬ and Sir Bob Geldof drew attention to the African famines with his multi-star performance and recording of Ã¢â¬Å"Do They Know ItÃ¢â¬â¢s Christmas? Ã¢â¬ Into that political climate, singer/songwriter Jackson Browne wrote and released the song, Ã¢â¬Å"How Long? Ã¢â¬ on his Ã¢â¬Å"World in MotionÃ¢â¬ album released in 1989 (Ã¢â¬Å"Ontario Coalition Against PovertyÃ¢â¬ 1). We will write a custom essay sample on Music as Social Commnetary or any similar topic only for you Order Now Speculation runs high that Browne may have been directly addressing the issues of international poverty or may have been discussing the issue of Apartheid in South Africa, avery popular cause of the late 1980s. Browne, the German-born son of an American military photographer, had become well-known for his political activism. After writing for some of the biggest names in the music industry including The Byrds and The Eagles (Paris 1), Browne recorded his own music beginning in the mid-1970s and culminating with his hits Ã¢â¬Å"Running on EmptyÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"The Load Out (Stay)Ã¢â¬ . Then, his formerly easy-going music turned into political statement after political statement. He organized a coalition of musicians against nuclear energy after the Three Mile Island accident and often wrote about politics, saying,Ã¢â¬ nothing is more personal than your political beliefs. Ã¢â¬ (Paris 1) But America of the late 1980s was in feel-good mode. The wall was coming down in Berlin, the Cold War at an end and the Soviet Union was crumbling. The album which featured Ã¢â¬Å"How LongÃ¢â¬ was the worst performance of BrowneÃ¢â¬â¢s career, other than his debut album when nobody knew his name (Wade 1). The famine in Ethiopia and other parts of the world were big news, though largely ignored except for during feel-good relief efforts and homelessness in America was a huge issue as the Reagan era drove the divide between the haves and have nots even farther apart. Browne, who was critical of liberals and conservatives alike (Ward 1), wrote the song to call everyone out for their blithe acceptance of the arms race and huge military budgets. Others speculate that the song relates to the Anti-Apartheid efforts. The South African crisis was big news during the Reasgan administration with Congress enacting strict restriction on South African trade, beginning in 1986, and popular culture canonizing Nelson and Winnie Mandela. And that anti-Apartheid movement was important in popular culture. Lethal Weapon 2 (1989) highlighted the problems involving the race-based discrimination in South Africa the same year the song was released and the colonial system instituted by the Dutch did not end until years later. Sadly, however, the song seems largely misplaced in time, coming out in the first year of the presidency of George H. W. Bush when the world accepted that the arms race was over and social consciousness was beginning to take hold. It almost appears as though Browne missed the boat with Ã¢â¬Å"How LongÃ¢â¬ as he was critical of the military industrial complex which was already in the process of dismantling after the reunification of Germany and the disintegration of the Soviet Union. Furthermore, the song deals specifically with the issue of children and starvation, but did not serve to draw particular attention to the problem worldwide, possible due to the vagaries of the song. The vagaries of the song make it difficult to identify what social injustice in particular Browne hoped to address and that may have been his point. While asking in general Ã¢â¬Å"How Long? Ã¢â¬ people were willing to tolerate social injustice around the world, Browne may have helped to draw attention to both the need for nuclear disarmament and the need to end Apartheid. We do know that it asks the listener to consider the children and their future. Ã¢â¬Å"How LongÃ¢â¬ begins with a verse describing the possibilities evident in a childÃ¢â¬â¢s face and asks the listener, presumably Americans and other citizens of the world, how long the child would survive if it were up to them (Ã¢â¬Å"How LongÃ¢â¬ Lines 1-8). The problem is that the children of the 1980s were not the flower-power generation of the 1960s and the subtly was lost. Asking Ã¢â¬Å"How long Ã¢â¬â would the child survive/How long Ã¢â¬â if it was up to youÃ¢â¬ was not the call to action needed in the late 1980s. The self-absorbed generation could easily just answer the question and ignore the call to action underneath the words. Indeed, there is no evidence that the song had any impact other than as a subtle reminder of what they saw daily on the news. In the second verse, Browne gets a little more direct with his indictment of the listener but still fails to call them to action. Ã¢â¬Å"When you think about the money spent On defense by a government And the weapons of destruction weÃ¢â¬â¢ve built WeÃ¢â¬â¢re so sure that we need And you think of the millions and millions That money could feed How long Ã¢â¬â can you hear someone crying How long Ã¢â¬â can you hear someone dying Before you ask yourself why? Ã¢â¬ (Browne, Ã¢â¬Å"How LongÃ¢â¬ Lines 9-16) Ultimately, Browne does a good job of pointing out the political and social issues of the time, but fails to take a stance on what should be done about it. There is a vague notion that the government should stop spending money on missile defense systems and nuclear weapons in favor of spending on social issues, but he never implores his audience to take action. Instead, the audience can simply agree that yes, it is a problem and then go back to their own lives without interruption or any change in action. Perhaps the one place where BrowneÃ¢â¬â¢s work might be considered effective is in his final verse, when he discusses the need to think of the globe differently than the blue and white and green image seen from space (Browne, Ã¢â¬Å"How LongÃ¢â¬ ). Finally, he asks how long until we Ã¢â¬Å"have something to offer where the planetÃ¢â¬â¢s concerned? Ã¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Browne, Ã¢â¬Å"How LongÃ¢â¬ Lines 38-39) Though the song is generally accepted as an anti-military, pro-social reform ballad, these last lines may have been influenced by his relationship with environmental activist and actress Darryl Hannah and may allude to the idea that people need to take action with regard to the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s environmental situation. In that way, it may have had some limited effect on public awareness about environmental issues. Realistically though, it appears that the only real effect of BrowneÃ¢â¬â¢s work may have been on his career. Reviewer David Marsh, well-known for his commentary on rock music, put it this way. Ã¢â¬Å"This is one time Jackson Browne did his words profound justice as a singer Ã¢â¬â itÃ¢â¬â¢s simply a great piece of singing, stark, angry, pained and yet aching more than anything else with a love thatÃ¢â¬â¢s proven yet again to be insufficient to hold a life together. The question while this music and the story unfold is not how the singer will survive Ã¢â¬â heÃ¢â¬â¢s already told us that Ã¢â¬â but how the listener will keep his composure long enough to hear it through. Ã¢â¬ (Ward 1) The song may well have been a sign of the times and completely appropriate for the long view of history, but in the culture of the times, it was too passe, with not enough call for direct action. Still, just a few years later, Browne got his wish during the Clinton administration when the military industrial complex was largely dismantled, AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s standing army minimized and world concerns brought to the forefront of American consciousness. Apartheid also fell in the intervening years, coming to an end in 1994. By the time the song had its desired impact on spending priorities, the drought had shifted and the starving was in Rwanda and Darfur and Americans had moved on to another music form and again forgot the starving children. Just as BrowneÃ¢â¬â¢s cry for justice came very late in the era of Apartheid, it came very early in the call for environmental activism and people missed its call to do the right thing and care for the children of the world. Works Cited Browne, Clyde Jackson. Ã¢â¬Å"How Long? Ã¢â¬ World in Motion, Elektra Records, 1989. Ontario Coalition Against Poverty, Ã¢â¬Å"Activism and protest song lyrics pageÃ¢â¬ http://www. ocap. ca/songs/howlong. html December 5, 2007. Paris, Russ. Ã¢â¬Å"Jackson Browne: BiographyÃ¢â¬ . http://www. jrp-graphics. com/jb/jbbio. html, December 5, 2007. Ward, Michael. Ã¢â¬Å"Jackson Browne: the Artist behind the WordsÃ¢â¬ http://media. www. versusmag. org/media/storage/paper584/news/2003/10/22/Music/Jackson. Browne-547215. shtml, December 5, 2007. How Long by Jackson Browne When you look into a childÃ¢â¬â¢s face And youÃ¢â¬â¢re seeing the human race And the endless possibilities there Where so much can come true And you think of the beautiful things A child can do How long Ã¢â¬â would the child survive How long Ã¢â¬â if it was up to you When you think about the money spent On defense by a government And the weapons of destruction weÃ¢â¬â¢ve built How to cite Music as Social Commnetary, Papers
Monday, April 27, 2020
Priest and Chaplain The characters of the chaplain, in Albert Camus' The Outsider, and the priest, in Franz Kafka's The Trial, are quite similar, and are pivotal to the development of the novel. These characters serve essentialy to bring the question of God and religion to probe the existentialist aspects of it, in novels completely devoid of religious context. The main idea visible about these two characters is that they are both the last ones seen by the protagonists, Mearsault and K., both non-believers in the word of the lord. Whereas the chaplain in The Outsider tries to make Mearsault believe in the existence of god, the priest tries to warn and explain to K. what will happen to him. The reason the chaplain is the last one to see Mearsault is becasue it's his job to let the prisioners have a final shot at redemption before they are executed. The reason that K. meets with the priest is out of advice given to him by someone, and he is the last character that he shows K. interacting with (although it might be true that K. meets and interacts with other people after the meeting, but they are neither mentioned nor visible later on). The priest doesn't try and make K. confess or anything of the sort, he is mainly there to converse with the character, his religious position is almost put to no use. The existentialist view of religion is that humans have been alienated from god, from each other, and so forth. In the novel Crime and Punishment, by Fyodor Dostoevsky, the christian idea of salvation through suffering is omnipresent throughout the novel. What is visible with The Trial and The Outsider is that they don't touch on the aspect of religion much throughout the story (The Outsider has bits and pieces of it appearing in his cross examinations but they are used more to mock than in an analitical sense). The presence of these two characters at the end of the novel serves to cover all the existentialist areas known to existemtialists (although i t is doubtful whether the authors consciously attempted to make the character's present because of any existentialist rules they had to follow). The characters are required to structure the novels, beside the obvious existentialist areas. The characters are there to let the protagonist's blow off some steam. In all the beaurocracy, confusion, and incompetence these two remain as the only ones that understand the predicament of the protaganists. They actually seem to understand what the protagonists are going through. The priest is more direct, yet symbolic, with K., telling him a story laden with symbolism and telling him what he's about to go through. The chaplain tries to take advantage of what he understands about Mearsault, and take control of his ideas in his final moments. Priest And Chaplain The Characters Of The Chaplain, In Albert Camus T Priest and Chaplain The characters of the chaplain, in Albert Camus' The Outsider, and the priest, in Franz Kafka's The Trial, are quite similar, and are pivotal to the development of the novel. These characters serve essentialy to bring the question of God and religion to probe the existentialist aspects of it, in novels completely devoid of religious context. The main idea visible about these two characters is that they are both the last ones seen by the protagonists, Mearsault and K., both non-believers in the word of the lord. Whereas the chaplain in The Outsider tries to make Mearsault believe in the existence of god, the priest tries to warn and explain to K. what will happen to him. The reason the chaplain is the last one to see Mearsault is becasue it's his job to let the prisioners have a final shot at redemption before they are executed. The reason that K. meets with the priest is out of advice given to him by someone, and he is the last character that he shows K. interacting with (although it might be true that K. meets and interacts with other people after the meeting, but they are neither mentioned nor visible later on). The priest doesn't try and make K. confess or anything of the sort, he is mainly there to converse with the character, his religious position is almost put to no use. The existentialist view of religion is that humans have been alienated from god, from each other, and so forth. In the novel Crime and Punishment, by Fyodor Dostoevsky, the christian idea of salvation through suffering is omnipresent throughout the novel. What is visible with The Trial and The Outsider is that they don't touch on the aspect of religion much throughout the story (The Outsider has bits and pieces of it appearing in his cross examinations but they are used more to mock than in an analitical sense). The presence of these two characters at the end of the novel serves to cover all the existentialist areas known to existemtialists (although i t is doubtful whether the authors consciously attempted to make the character's present because of any existentialist rules they had to follow). The characters are required to structure the novels, beside the obvious existentialist areas. The characters are there to let the protagonist's blow off some steam. In all the beaurocracy, confusion, and incompetence these two remain as the only ones that understand the predicament of the protaganists. They actually seem to understand what the protagonists are going through. The priest is more direct, yet symbolic, with K., telling him a story laden with symbolism and telling him what he's about to go through. The chaplain tries to take advantage of what he understands about Mearsault, and take control of his ideas in his final moments.