Friday, May 22, 2020

Inside Animal Cruelty - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 931 Downloads: 1 Date added: 2019/05/16 Category Society Essay Level High school Tags: Cruelty To Animals Essay Did you like this example? According to the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA), there were over 150,000 cases of animal cruelty in 2016. Organizations such as PETA, Animal Justice Project and the Humane Society of the United States have fought hard to protect animals from abuse every day. When we imagine an animal abuser, we probably picture a person who is very angry and violent. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Inside Animal Cruelty" essay for you Create order When thinking about animal cruelty, we probably imagine an animal being beat to death, neglected, or starved. There are laws to protect animals from these kinds of people because animals deserve respect. No one would be able to witness a local civilian purposely causing harm to his or her pet without alarming authorities, so why dont we hold our government officials to the same expectations? For years, we have been ignoring ongoing issues with animal cruelty within our country. Every day billions of animals are used as trial and errors for scientists, and props for soldiers to build kill confidence. There are more alternatives for these kinds of researches and military training, we should not give people the power to determine life or death, no matter the animal. The U.S. Government is involved in the deaths of more than 100 million animals per year. Organizations like PETA are currently fighting the government and military to prohibit the use of animals in anything that can potentially cause harm to them, including live tissue trauma training, the injection of deadly viruses into our non-human primates, or the horrifying sex experiments on mice and hamsters. These kinds of researches and training have no actual impact on bettering human life. We are simply harming animals for no reason because they are not humans and using them to prevent certain things from causing harm to humans is unreliable due to major biological differences. According to PETA, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency legally requires that pesticides are tested on dogs that are locked in inhalation chambers. They are locked up in small metal cages and left to try and escape the poisonous fumes. Their purpose is to ensure that the pesticide will be safe for exposure to h umans, however, according to animal researcher and journalist Dr. Jarrod Bailey, dogs have a major difference from humans being that they obtain cytochrome P450 ?CYP enzymes, which cause the dog to metabolize drugs and intake chemicals differently from any other species. This is not the only pro-animal testing government program, others include the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Department of Transportation and the National Toxicology Program. The biology of every species will be different and using non-human animals to conduct this kind of research will always give unreliable results. According to PETA, almost 4,451 experimental cancer drugs were founded and tested on animals between the year 2003 and 2011. The results of the tests on animals came out successful, however, 93 percent of the drugs failed after the first phase of human clinical trials, proving that we are harming animals for no reason. The U.S. Government is responsible for the deaths of animals in laboratories all over America. Unfortunately, animals are not only abused in labs but also in our military training courses. Live tissue trauma training is a course for soldiers to take in order to build their confidence in killing and torturing and for preparing medics in the Special Ops to react quickly in emergency situations. Billions of goats, pigs, and sometimes non-human primates get their limbs torn off, put on fire, or stabbed and killed by soldiers and this is all happening right now. If you visit tacmedics.com, you will find that they offer military training courses which have packages that are complemented with the inclusion of live tissue training. Our government officials keep forgetting that human beings and non-human beings will always be extremely biologically different. Not to mention, according to PETA, the military has developed high-tech human-like props that accurately represent human anatomy † unlike the animals. Opposers will argue that science has a responsibility to find cures and vaccinations that will better the quality of human life, even if that means sacrificing animals. Somewhere in the past, humans lost all value for animals and nature, so mankind has decided to spend lots of the taxpayers money on research that will never really benefit human life. At Yale University, experimenter Marina Picciotto gathered $10 million in taxpayer money for drugs such as nicotine, cocaine, methamphetamine, etc. She fed this to her animals and studied the changes in their brain and addiction patterns. Forcing an innocent animal into a life of addiction has no purpose and in no way mimics the suffering of a human addict. We are unwillingly funding these unreliable and pointless studies with money that could be used for drug treatments centers, where we can study addiction in humans and develop strategies for those who desire a drug-free life. There is no doubt that humans have evolved and have taken over. It is now our responsibility to preserve our wildlife and take care of our planet. There are endless alternatives to researching medicine and training military personnel. Technology is progressing, and it is time to put an end to spending government and public funds on causing harm to animals and start utilizing our resources and investing in new and improved technology. For example, a test on rats was performed to see if drugs or chemicals would harm a developing baby and it was only able to detect 60 percent of dangerous substances where a cell-based alternative was found to detect 100 percent of toxic chemicals. Animal testing is animal abuse, lets end it today.

Thursday, May 7, 2020

The Witch Hunt in The Crucible and During the Time of...

The Themes of The Crucible and Parallels to McCarthyism Set in Salem, Massachusetts in 1692, Arthur Millers The Crucible describes the witch hunt that saw harmless people hanged for crimes they did not commit. The Crucible provides an accurate historical account of the witch hunt, but its real achievement lies in the many important issues it deals with. Millers concerns with conscience, guilt and justice develop into significant and thought-provoking themes throughout the play. These themes are developed through the characters of Abigail Williams, John Proctor and Deputy Governor Danforth. The Crucible is even more successful when the wider relevance of these issues is considered. This occurs particularly when†¦show more content†¦The court of Salem accepts Abigails false claims and, in doing so, divests her of her conscience and she is left with no sense of guilt for what she has done. This handing over of conscience eventually spreads throughout the wider Salem community where people willingly shed their conscience in the developing state of hysteria. In The Crucible, people feel guilty for not being as pure as they are supposed to be. The trial is an opportunity for these people to shed their guilt and prove publicly and to themselves the extent to which their behaviour accords with the dominant beliefs. John Proctors struggle is in understanding the fundamental significance of his conscience. What separates him from the other characters is that he will not hand over his conscience, even for the sake of saving his life. Proctor is aware that he is a sinner. He feels that his affair with Abigail was wrong, not because this is what contemporary moral fashions denote, but because he himself feels it is wrong. In the final Act, Proctor decides to confess because he knows he is not a good man and feels that dying for the cause of being good is therefore a pretence. He says of his confession: I think it is honest, I think so; I am no saint. However, it is when Proctor is pressed to disclose otherShow MoreRelatedThe Witch Hunt in The Crucible and During the Time of McCarthyism1356 Words   |  6 Pagescontext of The Crucible and its relevance in today’s society. I believe that Arthur Miller’s life and his experience of McCarthyism strongly influenced the writing of The Crucib le. McCarthyism, named after Joseph McCarthy was a period of intense anti-communism, which occurred in the United States from 1948 to about 1956. During this time the government of the United States persecuted the Communist party USA, its leadership, and many others suspected of being communists. The word McCarthyism now carriesRead MoreSimilarities Between Mccarthyism And The Crucible997 Words   |  4 PagesWitch hunts have been mentioned in the times of McCarthyism and in The Crucible by Arthur Miller. Being put on the list for being a witch like in The Crucible, or being blacklisted in McCarthyism times was not a good thing. McCarthyism and The Crucible are similar in the concept of witch hunts, but the consequences are rather different. During the times of witch hunts in McCarthyism and in The Crucible, people would just assume someone is a witch or communist. The person being accused would be putRead MoreThe Crucible By Arthur Miller Essay1646 Words   |  7 PagesMiller’s The Crucible. During a time when the U.S. was worried of communism taking over, Miller released The Crucible, which helped to capture the hysteria that was occurring. The play presents itself as a metaphor for the House of Un-American Activities Committee that was created during the Cold War when communism was spreading, but Miller never actually referenced it in the play. Although Arthur Miller’s The Crucible is set in the late 1600s, it offers a fine example of allegory of McCarthyism in theRead MoreSimilarities Between The Crucible And Salem Witch Trials725 Words   |  3 Pagesloves a witch hunt as long as its someone elses witch being hunted.† this is a quote by Walter Kirn. The Crucible and the Salem Witch Trials are very similar to the time of McCarthyism and it the most likely reason the why the book was written. â€Å"It was not only the rise of McCarthyism that moved me, but something which seemed much more weird and mysterious.† (Budick 1985) a quote by the author himself proving it was a factor that made him write the book. They were both witch hunts one literallyRead MoreSimilarities Between The Crucible And Salem Witch Trials1079 Words   |  5 Pages The Crucible is a play that explains the story the Salem Witch trials. Arthur Miller, is the author of this play. McCarthyism played a big role in the creation of The Crucible. Many differences and similarities were drawn between the play and the Red Scare. The horrors of history are passed on from generation to generation in hopes that they will never happen again. People look back on these times and are surprised at how terrible the times were. Yet, in the 1950s, history repeated itself. DuringRead More McCarthyism and The Crucible contain many similarities and differences772 Words   |  4 PagesMcCarthyism and The Crucible contain many similarities and differences in their persecution and accusation of people who are identified as criminals of their societies. McCarthyism and The Crucible contain many similarities and differences in their persecution and accusation of people who are identified as criminals of their societies. Both events in history contain extremely similar circumstances, including the accusation of one person leading to a mass hysteria enveloping a society toRead MoreThe Salem Witch Trials And Mccarthyism1275 Words   |  6 Pagesthat doesn’t keep us from moving forward, but when negative actions are repeated it actually set us back from moving onward with our future. Although, many teenagers feel that history no longer matters because it is in the past, the Salem Witch Trials and McCarthyism are prime examples of how history constantly repeats itself and influence how we live today for the reason that both historic eras consist of the following: they have similar histories, connect in significant ways, and include comparableRead MoreThe Salem Witch Trials And Mccarthyism1327 Words   |  6 PagesSalem Witch Trials and McCarthyism are prime examples of how history constantly repeats itself and influence how we live today for the reason that both historic eras consist of the following: they have similar history, connect in significant ways, and include comparable situations and themes tha t are evident today effecting us on a daily bases whether or not we realize. Salem, Massachusetts was the home of a theocracy government system meaning God was the leader of their society (â€Å"The Crucible† 19)Read MoreCommunism And Communism In Arthur Millers The Crucible711 Words   |  3 Pagestitled â€Å"The Crucible†. The McCarthy hearings of the 1950s inspired the notable play. Consequently, after the hearing, McCarthyism became a vociferous campaign carried out by Senator Joseph McCarthy, which accused people of communism. To declare, Miller uses an analogy using the events of the Salem Witch Trials of 1693 to expose the ugly truth behind communism and McCarthyism. To begin, the word crucible derived from the Latin root word â€Å"crux† means cross. In explanation, a crucible is a severeRead MoreEssay about McCarthyism as Modern Witch Hunts1614 Words   |  7 PagesMcCarthyism as Modern Witch Hunts McCarthyism: The Real Witch Hunts Some people nowadays may consider the government, or some of its agencies, corrupt. Todays scenario is nothing compared to that of McCarthyism in the 1950s. During McCarthyism, the nation was being torn apart. Their loyalty to one another was crushed and common human decency went down the drain (Miller, Crucible xiv). These Communist hunts were eerily similar to the witch hunts and trials of Salem Massachusetts in

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Music as Social Commnetary Free Essays

The end of the Reagan Administration is not generally known for political activism and yet during the highly conservative Reagan years, some of the biggest efforts of music to combat the problems of the world began. John Cougar Mellankamp wrote the album, â€Å"Rain on the Scarecrow† and began the Farm Aid concerts to draw attention to the disappearing American family far. Michael Jackson and the musical elite of the day wrote and performed, â€Å"We Are the World† and Sir Bob Geldof drew attention to the African famines with his multi-star performance and recording of â€Å"Do They Know It’s Christmas? † Into that political climate, singer/songwriter Jackson Browne wrote and released the song, â€Å"How Long? † on his â€Å"World in Motion† album released in 1989 (â€Å"Ontario Coalition Against Poverty† 1). We will write a custom essay sample on Music as Social Commnetary or any similar topic only for you Order Now Speculation runs high that Browne may have been directly addressing the issues of international poverty or may have been discussing the issue of Apartheid in South Africa, avery popular cause of the late 1980s. Browne, the German-born son of an American military photographer, had become well-known for his political activism. After writing for some of the biggest names in the music industry including The Byrds and The Eagles (Paris 1), Browne recorded his own music beginning in the mid-1970s and culminating with his hits â€Å"Running on Empty† and â€Å"The Load Out (Stay)†. Then, his formerly easy-going music turned into political statement after political statement. He organized a coalition of musicians against nuclear energy after the Three Mile Island accident and often wrote about politics, saying,† nothing is more personal than your political beliefs. † (Paris 1) But America of the late 1980s was in feel-good mode. The wall was coming down in Berlin, the Cold War at an end and the Soviet Union was crumbling. The album which featured â€Å"How Long† was the worst performance of Browne’s career, other than his debut album when nobody knew his name (Wade 1). The famine in Ethiopia and other parts of the world were big news, though largely ignored except for during feel-good relief efforts and homelessness in America was a huge issue as the Reagan era drove the divide between the haves and have nots even farther apart. Browne, who was critical of liberals and conservatives alike (Ward 1), wrote the song to call everyone out for their blithe acceptance of the arms race and huge military budgets. Others speculate that the song relates to the Anti-Apartheid efforts. The South African crisis was big news during the Reasgan administration with Congress enacting strict restriction on South African trade, beginning in 1986, and popular culture canonizing Nelson and Winnie Mandela. And that anti-Apartheid movement was important in popular culture. Lethal Weapon 2 (1989) highlighted the problems involving the race-based discrimination in South Africa the same year the song was released and the colonial system instituted by the Dutch did not end until years later. Sadly, however, the song seems largely misplaced in time, coming out in the first year of the presidency of George H. W. Bush when the world accepted that the arms race was over and social consciousness was beginning to take hold. It almost appears as though Browne missed the boat with â€Å"How Long† as he was critical of the military industrial complex which was already in the process of dismantling after the reunification of Germany and the disintegration of the Soviet Union. Furthermore, the song deals specifically with the issue of children and starvation, but did not serve to draw particular attention to the problem worldwide, possible due to the vagaries of the song. The vagaries of the song make it difficult to identify what social injustice in particular Browne hoped to address and that may have been his point. While asking in general â€Å"How Long? † people were willing to tolerate social injustice around the world, Browne may have helped to draw attention to both the need for nuclear disarmament and the need to end Apartheid. We do know that it asks the listener to consider the children and their future. â€Å"How Long† begins with a verse describing the possibilities evident in a child’s face and asks the listener, presumably Americans and other citizens of the world, how long the child would survive if it were up to them (â€Å"How Long† Lines 1-8). The problem is that the children of the 1980s were not the flower-power generation of the 1960s and the subtly was lost. Asking â€Å"How long — would the child survive/How long — if it was up to you† was not the call to action needed in the late 1980s. The self-absorbed generation could easily just answer the question and ignore the call to action underneath the words. Indeed, there is no evidence that the song had any impact other than as a subtle reminder of what they saw daily on the news. In the second verse, Browne gets a little more direct with his indictment of the listener but still fails to call them to action. â€Å"When you think about the money spent On defense by a government And the weapons of destruction we’ve built We’re so sure that we need And you think of the millions and millions That money could feed How long — can you hear someone crying How long — can you hear someone dying Before you ask yourself why? † (Browne, â€Å"How Long† Lines 9-16) Ultimately, Browne does a good job of pointing out the political and social issues of the time, but fails to take a stance on what should be done about it. There is a vague notion that the government should stop spending money on missile defense systems and nuclear weapons in favor of spending on social issues, but he never implores his audience to take action. Instead, the audience can simply agree that yes, it is a problem and then go back to their own lives without interruption or any change in action. Perhaps the one place where Browne’s work might be considered effective is in his final verse, when he discusses the need to think of the globe differently than the blue and white and green image seen from space (Browne, â€Å"How Long†). Finally, he asks how long until we â€Å"have something to offer where the planet’s concerned? † (â€Å"Browne, â€Å"How Long† Lines 38-39) Though the song is generally accepted as an anti-military, pro-social reform ballad, these last lines may have been influenced by his relationship with environmental activist and actress Darryl Hannah and may allude to the idea that people need to take action with regard to the world’s environmental situation. In that way, it may have had some limited effect on public awareness about environmental issues. Realistically though, it appears that the only real effect of Browne’s work may have been on his career. Reviewer David Marsh, well-known for his commentary on rock music, put it this way. â€Å"This is one time Jackson Browne did his words profound justice as a singer — it’s simply a great piece of singing, stark, angry, pained and yet aching more than anything else with a love that’s proven yet again to be insufficient to hold a life together. The question while this music and the story unfold is not how the singer will survive — he’s already told us that — but how the listener will keep his composure long enough to hear it through. † (Ward 1) The song may well have been a sign of the times and completely appropriate for the long view of history, but in the culture of the times, it was too passe, with not enough call for direct action. Still, just a few years later, Browne got his wish during the Clinton administration when the military industrial complex was largely dismantled, America’s standing army minimized and world concerns brought to the forefront of American consciousness. Apartheid also fell in the intervening years, coming to an end in 1994. By the time the song had its desired impact on spending priorities, the drought had shifted and the starving was in Rwanda and Darfur and Americans had moved on to another music form and again forgot the starving children. Just as Browne’s cry for justice came very late in the era of Apartheid, it came very early in the call for environmental activism and people missed its call to do the right thing and care for the children of the world. Works Cited Browne, Clyde Jackson. â€Å"How Long? † World in Motion, Elektra Records, 1989. Ontario Coalition Against Poverty, â€Å"Activism and protest song lyrics page† http://www. ocap. ca/songs/howlong. html December 5, 2007. Paris, Russ. â€Å"Jackson Browne: Biography†. http://www. jrp-graphics. com/jb/jbbio. html, December 5, 2007. Ward, Michael. â€Å"Jackson Browne: the Artist behind the Words† http://media. www. versusmag. org/media/storage/paper584/news/2003/10/22/Music/Jackson. Browne-547215. shtml, December 5, 2007. How Long by Jackson Browne When you look into a child’s face And you’re seeing the human race And the endless possibilities there Where so much can come true And you think of the beautiful things A child can do How long — would the child survive How long — if it was up to you When you think about the money spent On defense by a government And the weapons of destruction we’ve built How to cite Music as Social Commnetary, Papers

Monday, April 27, 2020

Priest And Chaplain The Characters Of The Chaplain, In Albert Camus T

Priest and Chaplain The characters of the chaplain, in Albert Camus' The Outsider, and the priest, in Franz Kafka's The Trial, are quite similar, and are pivotal to the development of the novel. These characters serve essentialy to bring the question of God and religion to probe the existentialist aspects of it, in novels completely devoid of religious context. The main idea visible about these two characters is that they are both the last ones seen by the protagonists, Mearsault and K., both non-believers in the word of the lord. Whereas the chaplain in The Outsider tries to make Mearsault believe in the existence of god, the priest tries to warn and explain to K. what will happen to him. The reason the chaplain is the last one to see Mearsault is becasue it's his job to let the prisioners have a final shot at redemption before they are executed. The reason that K. meets with the priest is out of advice given to him by someone, and he is the last character that he shows K. interacting with (although it might be true that K. meets and interacts with other people after the meeting, but they are neither mentioned nor visible later on). The priest doesn't try and make K. confess or anything of the sort, he is mainly there to converse with the character, his religious position is almost put to no use. The existentialist view of religion is that humans have been alienated from god, from each other, and so forth. In the novel Crime and Punishment, by Fyodor Dostoevsky, the christian idea of salvation through suffering is omnipresent throughout the novel. What is visible with The Trial and The Outsider is that they don't touch on the aspect of religion much throughout the story (The Outsider has bits and pieces of it appearing in his cross examinations but they are used more to mock than in an analitical sense). The presence of these two characters at the end of the novel serves to cover all the existentialist areas known to existemtialists (although i t is doubtful whether the authors consciously attempted to make the character's present because of any existentialist rules they had to follow). The characters are required to structure the novels, beside the obvious existentialist areas. The characters are there to let the protagonist's blow off some steam. In all the beaurocracy, confusion, and incompetence these two remain as the only ones that understand the predicament of the protaganists. They actually seem to understand what the protagonists are going through. The priest is more direct, yet symbolic, with K., telling him a story laden with symbolism and telling him what he's about to go through. The chaplain tries to take advantage of what he understands about Mearsault, and take control of his ideas in his final moments. Priest And Chaplain The Characters Of The Chaplain, In Albert Camus T Priest and Chaplain The characters of the chaplain, in Albert Camus' The Outsider, and the priest, in Franz Kafka's The Trial, are quite similar, and are pivotal to the development of the novel. These characters serve essentialy to bring the question of God and religion to probe the existentialist aspects of it, in novels completely devoid of religious context. The main idea visible about these two characters is that they are both the last ones seen by the protagonists, Mearsault and K., both non-believers in the word of the lord. Whereas the chaplain in The Outsider tries to make Mearsault believe in the existence of god, the priest tries to warn and explain to K. what will happen to him. The reason the chaplain is the last one to see Mearsault is becasue it's his job to let the prisioners have a final shot at redemption before they are executed. The reason that K. meets with the priest is out of advice given to him by someone, and he is the last character that he shows K. interacting with (although it might be true that K. meets and interacts with other people after the meeting, but they are neither mentioned nor visible later on). The priest doesn't try and make K. confess or anything of the sort, he is mainly there to converse with the character, his religious position is almost put to no use. The existentialist view of religion is that humans have been alienated from god, from each other, and so forth. In the novel Crime and Punishment, by Fyodor Dostoevsky, the christian idea of salvation through suffering is omnipresent throughout the novel. What is visible with The Trial and The Outsider is that they don't touch on the aspect of religion much throughout the story (The Outsider has bits and pieces of it appearing in his cross examinations but they are used more to mock than in an analitical sense). The presence of these two characters at the end of the novel serves to cover all the existentialist areas known to existemtialists (although i t is doubtful whether the authors consciously attempted to make the character's present because of any existentialist rules they had to follow). The characters are required to structure the novels, beside the obvious existentialist areas. The characters are there to let the protagonist's blow off some steam. In all the beaurocracy, confusion, and incompetence these two remain as the only ones that understand the predicament of the protaganists. They actually seem to understand what the protagonists are going through. The priest is more direct, yet symbolic, with K., telling him a story laden with symbolism and telling him what he's about to go through. The chaplain tries to take advantage of what he understands about Mearsault, and take control of his ideas in his final moments.

Thursday, March 19, 2020

Create a Database Using Delphis File Of Typed Files

Create a Database Using Delphi's File Of Typed Files Simply put a file is a binary sequence of some type. In Delphi, there are three classes of file: typed, text, and untyped. Typed files are files that contain data of a particular type, such as Double, Integer or previously defined custom Record type. Text files contain readable ASCII characters. Untyped files are used when we want to impose the least possible structure on a file. Typed Files While text files consist of lines terminated with a CR/LF (#13#10) combination, typed files consist of data taken from a particular type of data structure. For example, the following declaration creates a record type called TMember and an array of TMember record variables. type   Ã‚  TMember record   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Name : string[50];  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  eMail : string[30];  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Posts : LongInt;  Ã‚  end;  var Members : array[1..50] of TMember; Before we can write the information to the disk, we have to declare a variable of a file type. The following line of code declares an F file variable. var F : file of TMember; Note: To create a typed file in Delphi, we use the following syntax: var SomeTypedFile : file of SomeType The base type (SomeType) for a file can be a scalar type (like Double), an array type or record type. It should not be a long string, dynamic array, class, object or a pointer. To start working with files from Delphi, we have to link a file on a disk to a file variable in our program. To create this link, we must use AssignFile procedure to associate a file on a disk with a file variable. AssignFile(F, Members.dat) Once the association with an external file is established, the file variable F must be opened to prepare it for reading and writing. We call Reset procedure to open an existing file or Rewrite to create a new file. When a program completes processing a file, the file must be closed using the CloseFile procedure. After a file is closed, its associated external file is updated. The file variable can then be associated with another external file. In general, we should always use exception handling; many errors may arise when working with files. For example: if we call CloseFile for a file that is already closed Delphi reports an I/O error. On the other hand, if we try to close a file but have not yet called AssignFile, the results are unpredictable. Write to a File Suppose we have filled an array of Delphi members with their names, e-mails, and number of posts and we want to store this information in a file on the disk. The following piece of code will do the work: var   Ã‚  F : file of TMember;  Ã‚  i : integer;begin   AssignFile(F,members.dat) ;   Rewrite(F) ;   try   Ã‚  for j: 1 to 50 do   Ã‚  Ã‚  Write (F, Members[j]) ;   finally   Ã‚  CloseFile(F) ;   end;end; Read from a File To retrieve all the information from the members.dat file we would use the following code: var   Ã‚  Member: TMember   Ã‚  F : file of TMember;begin   AssignFile(F,members.dat) ;   Reset(F) ;   try   Ã‚  while not Eof(F) do begin   Ã‚  Ã‚  Read (F, Member) ;   Ã‚  Ã‚  {DoSomethingWithMember;}   Ã‚  end;  finally   Ã‚  CloseFile(F) ;   end;end; Note: Eof is the EndOfFile checking function. We use this function to make sure that we are not trying to read beyond the end of the file (beyond the last stored record). Seeking and Positioning Files are normally accessed sequentially. When a file is read using the standard procedure Read or written using the standard procedure Write, the current file position moves to the next numerically ordered file component (next record). Typed files can also be accessed randomly through the standard procedure Seek, which moves the current file position to a specified component. The FilePos and FileSize functions can be used to determine the current file position and the current file size. {go back to the beginning - the first record} Seek(F, 0) ; {go to the 5-th record} Seek(F, 5) ; {Jump to the end - after the last record} Seek(F, FileSize(F)) ; Change and Update Youve just learned how to write and read the entire array of members, but what if all you want to do is to seek to the 10th member and change the e-mail? The next procedure does exactly that: procedure ChangeEMail(const RecN : integer; const NewEMail : string) ;var DummyMember : TMember;begin   {assign, open, exception handling block}   Seek(F, RecN) ;   Read(F, DummyMember) ;   DummyMember.Email : NewEMail;   {read moves to the next record, we have to   go back to the original record, then write}   Seek(F, RecN) ;   Write(F, DummyMember) ;   {close file}end; Completing the Task Thats it- now you have all you need to accomplish your task. You can write members information to the disk, you can read it back, and you can even change some of the data (e-mail, for example) in the middle of the file. Whats important is that this file is not an ASCII file, this is how it looks in Notepad (only one record): .Delphi Guide g Ã’5 ·Ã‚ ¿Ãƒ ¬. 5. . B V.LÆ’ ,„ ¨.delphiaboutguide.comà .. à §.à §.à ¯..

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

How to Treat Complex Phrasal Adjectives

How to Treat Complex Phrasal Adjectives How to Treat Complex Phrasal Adjectives How to Treat Complex Phrasal Adjectives By Mark Nichol Numerous DailyWritingTips.com posts have addressed hyphenation of phrasal adjectives such as â€Å"long range† when they precede a noun, as in â€Å"long-range missile.† But what about when the phrasal adjective includes more than two words? As this post explains, it depends on the interrelationships of those words. The simplest multiword phrasal adjective to construct is one in which a phrase such as â€Å"all or nothing† modifies a noun- simply hyphenate the string of words: â€Å"all-or-nothing ultimatum.† This rule holds true no matter how long the string is, though at a certain point, the writer or editor may decide that it is of a cumbersome length, in which case omitting hyphens and enclosing the string in quotation marks to suggest that the phrasal adjective is spoken will render it more readable, or recasting the sentence may improve clarity. But what if two of the words are already an open or hyphenated compound- a standing phrase that appears in the dictionary as such- or is a proper noun? In either case, the solution is to replace the hyphens linking every word with an en dash (–) linking the compound to an additional word. (An en dash is a symbol usually seen in number ranges, as in â€Å"The room accommodates 25–50 people depending on seating arrangement† or â€Å"Jones lived 1911–1987.†) This usage is clear when employed with proper nouns, as in â€Å"San Francisco ­Ã¢â‚¬â€œbased company† (as opposed to the absurd alternative â€Å"San-Francisco-based company†), where based obviously relates to â€Å"San Francisco,† not just Francisco, but it is also used in such constructions as â€Å"open standards–based solutions,† where â€Å"open standards† is a well-known phrase. The risk in such usage is that readers will not recognize that the en dash is distinct from a hyphen and will (mis)understand the phrase to mean â€Å"standards-based solutions that are open.† This risk is exacerbated by the fact that the Associated Press Style Book, in its sometimes-misguided quest to simplify symbols, calls for a hyphen rather than an en dash in phrases like this, which could lead to such confusion. Another option is to use the hyphen-string approach in such phrases as â€Å"think-tank-inspired policies† (instead of â€Å"think tank–inspired policies†) or â€Å"soft-drink-soaked shirt† (rather than â€Å"soft drink–soaked shirt†), but better yet, try the more relaxed syntax presented, for example, in â€Å"policies inspired by think tanks† and â€Å"shirt soaked with a soft drink.† Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Grammar category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:7 Types of Narrative ConflictLoan, Lend, Loaned, LentDealing With A Character's Internal Thoughts

Saturday, February 15, 2020

Choose a critical perspective to analyse a current approach to Essay

Choose a critical perspective to analyse a current approach to leadership and present an argument to justify your choice - Essay Example Good leadership is likely to inspire others to take on attitudes, values, goals and make them behave in such a way that is good for the wellbeing of the group. In other words individual action could be transformed into group action with help of effective leadership (Zanna, 2003). As far as the definition of leadership is concerned different experts have defined leadership differently. According to John C Maxwell leadership is nothing but influence. On the other hand Warren Bennis said that "Leadership is a function of knowing yourself, having a vision that is well communicated, building trust among colleagues, and taking effective action to realize your own leadership potential."(Oklahoma State University, n.d.). In a broad perspective it can be said that leadership is essential for directing a team or management towards the accomplishment of objectives and goals. So a generally accepted definition would say that leadership is the ability of influencing a team or group in the directi on of accomplishing a set of objectives or goals. There could be several approach of leadership such as charismatic leadership, transformational leadership and transactional leadership. This paper provides an in-depth critical analysis of transformational leadership approach. The paper includes a critical perspective of the chosen approach as well as the main reasons of choosing this for analysis over the other approach. Transformational leadership is one of the most popular and most recent approaches of leadership. It has been a common topic of leadership theory. Since 1980 it has been researched by the management experts. Transformational leadership is an important part of the paradigm of â€Å"New Leadership†. According to Bass and Riggio the main reason behind the popularity of transformational leadership is its emphasis on the follower development and intrinsic motivation. Transformational leadership is the most relevant leadership approach in today’s uncertain